In America, 9.3 million people are unemployed, "but 4.8 million jobs stand empty because employers can't find people to fill them." This growing need for talent has led many Americans to reconsider what long ago fell out of fashion - apprenticeships. Unlike in the States, apprenticeships, or what is often called "dual training", provide highly respected career paths in Germany where the state, employers, and educators work together to design programs that churn out a highly skilled talent pool. Dual training, unlike vocational training in the States, has nothing to do with corporate social responsibility, it isn't for struggling students or at-risk youth, but rather dual training is about investing in and retaining high quality employees. Unlike vocational programs in the States, dual training programs are as popular and competitive as applying to Ivy League schools in the States. "At the John Deere plant in Mannhaim, 3,100 young people apply each year for 60 slots, at Deutsche Bank in Franfurt, it's 22,000 applicants for 425 places." Can the US copy Germany's model? According to Tamar Jacoby's article in The Atlantic, three things will make adaptation of Germany's training difficult, but not impossible, to pull off in the States.