Ask yourself, what do you use to measure a successful day? If your answer is some variation of productivity or how much you get done, then you’re not alone. But, Michael Simmons and Ian Chew of Empact suggest that shifting the focus from productivity to learning when planning your day is not only a key trait of some of the most successful people, but also leads to increased productivity in the long term. Benjamin Franklin presents a classic example, as he invested one hour a day out of every weekday to deliberate learning. Other famous practitioners who make investments in regular, deliberate learning include: Warren Buffett, Bill Gates, Oprah Winfrey, Elon Musk, Arthur Blank, Dan Gilbert, and Mark Zuckerberg. Simmons and Chew believe the core principle behind committing to a learning lifestyle is purposely creating empty space when planning your days, instead of focusing on ways to maximize productivity and efficiency. By focusing on learning first, we free ourselves up to un-automate our behaviors and make time for deliberate practice, allowing us take the time to get honest feedback and work on the skills we want to improve.